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Inklusiv og bæredygtig økonomisk vækst

Den gradvise ophævelse af økonomiske sanktioner har haft positive konsekvenser for økonomien, men flere reformer er nødvendige. Danmark støtter en inklusiv og bæredygtig økonomisk vækst i Myanmars fiskerisektor og blandt landets mange små og mellemstore virksomheder.

The Denmark-Myanmar Country Programme (2016-2020) aims to promote inclusive and sustainable economic growth, but this will require comprehensive reform, including in the fisheries sectors to ensure that fisheries resources are not depleted. Through support to Sustainable Coastal Fisheries implemented directly by the Myanmar Department of Fisheries, Denmark is supporting the development of policy, capacity and practices in co-management of marine and coastal fisheries resources. The Danish grant of DKK 66 million (approximately USD 10 million) will help improve value chains within the fish processing and trade sectors and contribute to creating employment and improved livelihoods for local fisheries communities.

 

Furthermore, through the Responsible Business Fund (RBF) and a grant of DKK 80 million (approximately USD 12 million), Denmark is promoting awareness among small and medium-sized (SMEs)  private sector actors of their social and environmental responsibilities and the long term advantages of applying a socially responsible business strategy. The RBF focuses on providing matching grants to SME enterprises for better utilization of resources, enhancing the working environment and for upgrading knowledge and skills of company staff and management.

 

With limited evidence on the challenges facing SMEs, the Government of Myanmar has no data upon which to build the formulation of effective policies for developing the sector in a sustainable and inclusive way. Denmark contributes to rectify this situation through support to establishing a Myanmar Enterprise Monitoring System (MEMS), an initiative implemented by the Central Statistical Organisation under the Ministry of Planning and Finance. The resulting surveys will give insights into the SME sector and enhance understanding of the dynamics and constraints of private industrial enterprises. Denmark is supporting the MEMS with DKK 10 million (approximately USD 1.5 million). Furthermore, support of DKK 4.5 million (USD 670,000) is provided to the development of a Social Accounting Matrix (SAM) which would capture a flow of all of the economic transactions that take place within an economy in a given year, serving as a crucial tool to develop macro-economic models and assess the impact of economic policies such as trade and tax policies.

A large proportion of the population of Myanmar lives in the country’s coastal regions, which are areas especially vulnerable to extreme weather changes. Rehabilitation and management of mangrove will help protect Myanmar’s coastal areas and the local communities, who live there. Denmark is therefore providing to support to climate adaptation in coastal communities in Myanmar through a grant of 35 million DKK (USD 5.2 million) to Improved Management of Mangrove Forests. The project is implemented by the Forest Department under the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Conservation. Through the project, Denmark helps the Forest Department rehabilitate and replant mangrove in order to tackle deforestation and mitigate the effects of climate change. 

CONTACT

Sandar Hla

Udviklingsrådgiver

sanhla@um.dk

 

Hanne Carus

Souschef

hancar@um.dk

 

Ei Ei Khin

Udviklingsrådgiver

eiekhi@um.dk