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Arbejdsmarkedsreformer

Myanmar har høje vækstrater, men der udestår fortsat et vigtigt reformarbejde, herunder på arbejdsmarkedsområdet, for at sikre at væksten er bæredygtig. Derfor samarbejder Myanmar og Danmark om forbedringer på arbejdsmarkedet. 

 

Labour market institutions are particularly crucial in fostering both inclusive and sustainable economic growth, and an enabling business environment. Decent jobs, including safe and healthy working conditions, and sound industrial relations is an important framework condition for fostering foreign investment and export-led economic development.

Against this background, Myanmar and Denmark have identified labour market reform as an area for Strategic Sector Cooperation. The goal of the cooperation is to contribute to the development of safer and healthier working conditions and improvement of social dialogue in Myanmar. Since 2016, a labour market counsellor based in the Embassy of Denmark has facilitated the cooperation.

More specifically, the Danish support consists of capacity building activities in two areas. One of these is the area of Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) where experts from the Danish Working Environment Agency, which is the Danish government institution responsible for OSH, provides advice and technical training to staff from Myanmar's Factories and General Labour Laws Inspection Department.

The second area of focus is to increase the capacity of representatives of both Myanmar workers’ and employers’ organisations, as well as the government, to engage in constructive dialogue with each other on labour market issues. This training is carried out by representatives from Danish workers’ and employers’ organisations, who are sharing Danish experience on how trade unions, employers’ organisations and government authorities can achieve considerable mutual benefits by working together.

The first phase of the cooperation included Danish support of approximately USD 760,000 (DKK 5 million) from 2016-2018. A new phase started in April and includes support of approximately USD 1,046,000, (DKK 7 million) from 2019-2021.  The partnership is governed by an agreement between the Myanmar Ministry of Labour, Immigration and Population and the Danish Ministry of Employment. Read more about the start-up and initial results of the Danish programme here.

Denmark is a founding member of the "Initiative to Promote Fundamental Labour Rights and Practices in Myanmar", which is a dialogue forum intended to advocate for modernization of Myanmar's labour legislation, improvement of compliance with international labour standards, and the fostering of a robust dialogue between the government, businesses, labour market  and civil society. The initiative was launched in November 2013 by the government of Myanmar, The United States, Japan, Denmark, and the International Labour Organization (ILO). Later, the EU joined the initiative.

Read more about the results of Danish Authorities in International Cooperation in other places of the world here.

Check out the most recent news about the cooperation here.

Contact

Nanna Sars Schewitsch

Arbejdsmarkedsrådgiver

nasche@um.dk